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Industry 4.0 – The Evolution of 3D Scanning in a Productive Environment and Real Time Information Control

12 Oct 2020
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Industry 4.0 and the paradigm shift from physical to virtual

Nowadays everything is digital! From business models, environments, production systems, machines, operators, products and services. Industry 4.0 has shown us which way to go towards the total digitization of all sources of information. It's all interconnected within a digital landscape, which contains a virtual representation of the system, subsystem, operational elements, etc. The physical world will be mapped into the digital world in a continuous way, creating information about the physical world that it is difficult to capture and store conveniently.

The idea behind Industry 4.0 is to provide continuous information and communications about all tasks and states, for all intervening elements within the organization, making interested parties able to access it, in a quick and complete way, which will allow them to make decisions with maximum efficiency and with minimum wastage of time.

In 2011, the German government brought to the world a new title called Industry 4.0 (I4.0), assuming it to be the fourth Industrial Revolution. The purpose of Industry 4.0 is to work with a higher level of automation, achieving a higher level of productivity and operational efficiency, connecting the physical world to the virtual world, bringing informatization and interconnection to traditional industry.

At its peak, the factory “State of the Art” adds a high level of automation to this world and has the information needed for communications, both inside and outside the factory, for real-time communication. Everything has its component of analysis and associated behavior. This disruptive process, in the way Industry works, will provide the realization of the paradigm of intelligent production.

Thus, it can be said that Industry 4.0 is the inflection point for the end of conventional centralized applications of companies, for an immediate and widespread access, available by information rights within companies.

 

Why 3D Scanning and what is the purpose of its insertion in Big data and in the fluidity of process and information?

Why do we, in the Portuguese Industry, need 3D scanners? Are we, at this moment, at the forefront of this industrialization to make this technology that helps us in the Industry 4.0 process “mandatory”? Is it really necessary, in a more traditional industry, an advanced process of reproducing objects for a virtual world?

The answer is simple and it is a clear yes! As much as our desire is to remain traditionalist or in territories where production is still very manual, the truth is that there will always be someone, in some company, whose ambition is to advance further in all areas.

In addition to this paradigm, nowadays, I do not agree that there are national businesses, but global businesses. And we talk about Globalization. 3D Scanning allows the delivery time of a final product to the market to be significantly shorter. But how is this possible? This is possible through rapid prototyping (reverse engineering, prototype adjustment) and quick information about the real state of the part in tuning, pre-production and production (dimensional quality).

We also have the possibility of introducing these systems to monitor equipment maintenance, with the creation of more realistic maintenance histories and intervals, relieving unnecessary maintenance work (extending maintenance deadlines) and thus avoiding downtime due to lack of information. about the actual state of the components.

By entering all this information in the “Big data”, there is no risk of loss of information by being on computer “A” or by the fact that the operator has left. We are able to coordinate production, maintenance and quality, as inputs from all departments are gathered. We gain fluidity in the process and in the project, we have the information distributed and the delivery of that project will not be compromised in terms of deadlines to be met, which are always tighter.

 

S4Metro Metrology

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